Energy is a scarce resource in many African countries. It is estimated that less than 40 percent of the inhabitants of the continent have regular access to electricity. Especially bad is the supply of energy sub-saharan region. According to UNESCO, this is the only region in the world, where the absolute amount of people without access to electricity even increases.
To meet this need, even approximately, a major expansion of electricity generation capacity is essential. This would have to rise from 125 gigawatts installed today to an estimated 700 gigawatts in 2040. Many African countries are aware of this problem, already investing heavily in expanding its energy sector, or at least want to start in the near future with it.